Winter hardy to USDA Zones 4-9 where it is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. autumn-olive Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Trunks/branches have sharp thorns. Seeds are dispersed by birds. Before it was labeled a noxious weed, autumn olive was often described as “fragrant” in flower, and as “stunning” in fall, with its bright red berries against its silvery foliage. Fast growing and long-lived, Elaeagnus are most often used in the landscape to form quick natural or formal evergreen hedges and screens. Elaeagnus umbellata is a thorny shrub native to Asia. Plants have naturalized over time with the current U.S. habitat now primarily including disturbed areas, thickets, forest margins, meadows, fields, roadsides, and fencerows in the central and eastern U.S. Several woody stems/trunks rise up from the base of this shrub, with the largest trunks eventually maturing to as much as 6” in diameter. Elaeagnus angustifolia Linn. This is mostly just for my own benefit, but I DO like to share. Where not illegal, it remains an invasive plant that should not be planted or grown in any residential area (particularly in the central and eastern U.S.) where it is likely to spread. They are high in vitamin A and E, bioactive compounds, minerals, flavonoids and proteins. var. Introduced in 1830 as an ornamental plant that could provide habitat and food to wildlife, Autumn olive was widely planted by the Soil Conservation Service as erosion control near roads and on ridges. Elaeagnus umbellata – this is a large deciduous variety with silvery foliage and small, fragrant flowers in late spring, followed by red fruits. Hybrid derived from Elaeagnus pungens. We used this plant to stabilize and revegetate road banks and also for strip mine reclamation. Europe and northern Asia. Autumn olive is a shrub that can grow up to 20 feet tall and 30 feet wide. It can fix nitrogen in its roots. It is native to China, Japan and Korea. The currently accepted scientific name for autumn-olive is Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Elaeagnus umbellata is an erect, often thorny, deciduous shrub with widely spreading branches; it can grow up to 450cm tall and is often somewhat wider [ 11 Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. It has sharp thorns, pale white to yellow heavily fragrant flowers, and vibrant red berries. The ripe berries of the autumn olive tree are crimson in color and have a sweet yet pleasantly tart flavor, making them ideal for use in both savory dishes and dessert recipes. Species Survival Commission. Eleagnus umbellata is an invasive deciduous shrub or small tree that becomes quite competitive even in poor soils. It commonly bears sharp thorns in the form of spur branches. Kartesz and Meacham recognize the variety Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. This is a nitrogen-fixing shrub/small tree that tolerates a wide variety of soils including poor unfavorable ones. (Elaeagnaceae) [5,18,19,29,38,46,48,51,57,71,75,77]. symbol: ELUM Leaf: Alternate, simple, 1 to 3 inches long, 1 to 1 1/2 inches wide, lanceolate in shape with an entire margin. It grows in a range of habitats, including forest edges, savannas, pastures, and prairies. Birds and animals consume the fruits and help distribute the seed. Elaeagnus umbellata is a many-branched, deciduous shrubby tree that can grow from 10 to 16 feet. From May to June, it is adorned with very beautiful yellowish white flowers, very fragrant and honey. When planted right and in the right spot Elaeagnus shrubs are exceptionally easy to grow and care for. University of Georgia. Elaeagnus umbellata 'Autumn Olive' Autumn Olive is not related to true olives, which depending on how you feel about olives could be a good or bad thing. Deciduous - elliptic, wavy-margined leaves to 10cm (4in) long.Height - 5m (16ft) The fruit … It was introduced into the U.S. from Japan in 1830, with initial uses including strip mine reclamation areas, ornamental shrub applications and wildlife cover/food. The fruits are single-seeded and 0.2-0.4 inches in diameter. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to It's self-fertile, and berries ripen in September. Elaeagnus umbellata was first planted as an ornamental tree and for wildlife cover and has now become an invasive species of disturbed sites, mostly in southern Wisconsin. Eleagnus umbellata is an invasive deciduous shrub or small tree that becomes quite competitive even in poor soils. Autumn olive has been found to easily out-compete, suppress and displace native plants in the landscape through rapid growth, root suckering, and self-seeding, resulting in the creation of dense shady areas that prevent continued growth of nearby plants which require sunny conditions to survive. A member of the Elaeagnaceae family, Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb is also known by its common name of Autumn Olive. Bloom Description: Slivery white to dull yellow. Habitats. It's native to Korea, Japan, and China. Leaves which are silvery at first maturing to bright green on upper surface. The plant is native to China, Korea and Japan. Silvery yellow-white flowers and silvery fruit. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous shrub found in areas such as E. Asia - China, Japan, Himalayas. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a deciduous shrub native to Asia that has spread as an invasive species throughout the United States. The fruit contains high amounts of lycopene. Rapid growth, vigorous growing habits, showy-edible fruits and attractive appearance led the U.S. This plant is listed as a noxious weed in one or more Midwestern states outside Missouri and should not be moved or grown under conditions that would involve danger of dissemination. Common Name: Autumn Olive Scientific Name: Elaeagnus umbellata (Thunb.) Leaves are alternate along the stems, ovate to lanceolate, with smooth margins. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Autumn Olive. Elaeagnus umbellata, commonly called autumn olive or autumnberry, is a large deciduous shrub or small sprawling tree of the Oleaster family that typically matures to 10-16’ tall and to 20-30’ wide. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Introduced to the U.S. from Asia, autumn olive is a fast-growing woody shrub or tree that can attain 20 feet in height. The shrub can grow to a height of 4.5 meters and up to 4 meters wide. The wild olive is a tree mainly cultivated for its fruit, which, in general, is acid and eatable. Their attractive silvery foliage also makes them useful as a large specimen shrub. Japanese beetles and 17 year locusts feed on the leaves. Elaeagnus umbellata, commonly called autumn olive or autumnberry, is a large deciduous shrub or small sprawling tree of the Oleaster family that typically matures to 10-16’ tall and to 20-30’ wide. N.C. It was commonly planted for wildlife food and cover. The twigs and undersides of leaves are covered with silvery scales (and a few brown scales) and the fruit is red and juicy. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is invasive in the Northeast, Southeast and Midwest. It is native to China, Japan and Korea. Physical Characteristics. Flowers are fragrant and occur in clusters of white to yellow, 8–9 mm in length and 7 mm in diameter, and have four lobes. Autumn Olive is a deciduous shrub that can grow quite tall. 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