That’s a word which isn’t exactly in the current lexicon enough that we have a firm grasp on its meaning. This is like Bill Gates ceding controlling interest in Microsoft, in exchange for a cheeseburger. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. No, he once more took matters into his own hands and married Ismael’s daughter, a third wife. The word translated “oracle” frequently heads prophetic passages (e.g., Isa. Each word supports the divine origin and authority of the entire message. Paul sees a relationship between Genesis 25:23 and Malachi 1:2-3: this is evident in that Paul writes “it was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. 2 Pet. For to see your face is like seeing the face of God, now that you have received me favorably. Finally, God also declares that He will be magnified in Israel’s borders, which means that God will give victory to Israel against Edom (in Obadiah 1:9-10, God condemns Edom for using violence against Jacob, or Israel). Esau and his descendants, the Edomites, were in many ways blessed by God (Genesis 33:9; Genesis chapter 36). Why would God protect Esau’s descendants if He hated Esau and all of Esau’s descendants? They may not have been full adults yet, but they were certainly close enough in age to the rite of passage that they knew what they were doing. In Malachi 1:2-3, God states that He hated Esau. And God in His wisdom and almighty power and sovereignty and providence arranged it so that I was made a fool of, and I blessed him, and let me tell you one thing, Esau, he will be blessed. And that’s what makes Esau’s deed so incomprehensibly short-sighted as to constitute wilful sin. In part one we saw that Esau’s priorities were wrong and he had no thought for consequences. He’s not merely rash or ill-counseled. Maybe, maybe not. Jacob CARED about the things of God, amidst all of his sins. At this point, Jacob could have told Rebekah “this is the wrong thing to do,” but self-interest won the day. Isaac loved Esau and Rebekah loved Jacob (Genesis 25:27–28). Jacob may be shifty and deceitful, but at least he values what is truly important. Just because God chose baby Jacob to be the recipient of the Abrahamic Covenant does not mean God was sentencing baby Esau to Hell. Esau disobeyed God in marrying these women. Averell A. Lv 7. The double portion of the estate that you ought to get as the eldest son when your father passed on. Question: Why did you limit your reference in regards to Esau / Idumea / the Edomites? 13:1; 15:1; 17:1) and means literally “burden” (Num. Marcelo is the pastor of Iglesia Conexiones, and the author of Biblical Prayer for Today's Believers: Transform Your Prayer Life. 34 Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised his birthright. Then it gets kinda weird because Isaac's wife, Rebekah, tells her son, Jacob, to trick Isaac into thinking he is Esau and give the blessing to him. Years later, when Jacob returned to Canaan, he feared Esau might try to kill him and his children. Of course, the answer is that God did not change His mind about Esau several hundred years after Esau was dead; the issue is that in Malachi 1:2-3 God is using figurative language to get Israel’s attention. He’s not merely rash or ill-counseled. But is that really a reason to be hated? 2 0. dawn m. 1 decade ago. The incomprehensible thing is that Esau agrees to this. And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point to die: and what profit shall this birthright do to me? On the other hand, God did not choose Esau and his descendants as the recipients of the Abrahamic Covenant, so therefore God did not choose to love Edom in the same way He loves Israel. We are warned not to be a “profane person like Esau, who for one morsel of food sold his birthright” (verse 16). Hebrews 12 uses it as a summary statement of his major fault: that he sold his inheritance rights for a bowl of stew. This is a reference back to Malachi 1:2-4. But what did Esau do? Second, the inheritance rights were a bit more important than pocket money. 4). People who are quiet and gentle and listen to their mother are good. Thank you so much, I was confused about this too. Where Esau seems gloriously wild, Jacob is… domesticated. God rejected Esau (who was also called “Edom”) and did not choose him to be the father of His chosen people. God’s hatred for Esau could be taken as a hyperbole, an exaggeration. Esau’s whining looks just like a petulant two-year-old wanting candy before supper. The narrative portions of the Old Testament are frequently fairly opaque when it comes to levelling moral judgment against a person. I mean, you find plenty of people named “Jacob” or “Jake” or “Jack” or “James”, but how many “Esaus” do you know? It had no value for him. Just reading the Jacob/Esau segments give me the impression that Esau got a bum rap right from the start. It may more accurately read “Jacob I chose, and Esau I did not choose”. After all, in the first three verses of Malachi there is an instance of personification (Israel speaks as one person) and there are two … Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Nevertheless, if Esau is a synecdoche, a part representing the whole, then hated is not a hyperbole: by the time of Malachi, God really did hate the Edomites! The Lord made him as well as you; and died for him as well as for you; and wills his salvation as well as yours; and if you cheat him the Lord will avenge him speedily. Why did God continue to bless Jacob? Change ). God tells Israel that He loves them, and Israel (which, by the way, is personified) asks God what He has done to show He loves them. God is using a figure of speech called synecdoche (in synecdoche, a part of the whole is used to represent the whole). The first verse of the book does more than give information about its human author. Esau is furious and vows to kill Jacob (Genesis 27:41). Ok, we’re told that he was “godless”. Now, when Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel had to serve his father he did it, no question about it. Give me stew now, I can’t wait any longer!”. It reads like “bow down and lick my feet!” or “donkeys will learn to talk first” or “when pigs fly!”  The “yeah, right!” ludicrous request of someone who’s. So Esau accepts the trade and it says "he despised his birthright." ( Log Out /  Marcelo Carcach (author) from Westminster, MD on August 27, 2018: Thank-you very much. How do they know? Why would God make such a statement after so long? And having through deception blessed Jacob, He is now saying to Esau let me tell you he will indeed be blessed, because I did my dead level best not to bless him. The prophetic writings of Malachi record that God “loved” Jacob and “hated” Esau. We think it’s a synonym for “evil” or “pagan” or “atheist”, and we’re apt to throw it around as a general-purpose insult meaning “anyone who doesn’t agree with us”. This word is the powerful proclamation of the King, effective in history to shape all e… Even a shifty deceiver is better than that. ( Log Out /  What makes this word hated very rich is that it is ambiguous. How can it say He hated Esau? 32 And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point to die: and what profit shall this birthright do to me? What Did Esau Look Like? Please answer. (This message shows that God chooses people according to His own purposes; He calls people, but not according to their good or bad works) She was told, Your older son will serve your younger son. It reads like “bow down and lick my feet!” or “donkeys will learn to talk first” or “when pigs fly!”  The “yeah, right!” ludicrous request of someone who’s still cooking. (Genesis 27:1-40) The family blessing was more personal than the birthright. "But before they were born, before they had done anything good or bad, she received a message from God. . One day Esau came home exhausted and wanted to eat some of Jacob's red stew. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated” (Romans 9:12-13, KJV). This burden is further defined as a word from the Lord (cf. That is the message of Romans 9:10-13. The Talmud learns that the day of Abraham’s death was the same day Esau violated a young bride and committed his first murder, in addition to other sins. Did God change His mind several hundred years after Esau was dead? The second trick is far more damaging to our view of Jacob, in this case he clearly deceives his blind father by pretending to be Esav (putting on goat hair on his arms to make him feel hairy) and getting a blessing from his father. Esau and Jacob would reunite one day, but the mistrust and lack of foundational affection was evident. Most likely, God loved the person we know as Esau, brother of Jacob and son of Isaac. Esau is the elder twin brother of Jacob, sons of Isaac and Rebekah.. At the age of 40, he married his first two wives, Judith and Bashemath, who both came from the Canaanite tribe of the Hittites.This event is listed on the Biblical Timeline Poster around 1829 BC.Judith is the daughter of Beeri the Hittite while Bashemath is the daughter of Elon the Hittite. Esau is used as an example of someone who falls from God’s way and becomes bitter and spiritually defiled (Hebrews 12:15). God knows the hearts of men and women and can see how they will react to His ways. God didn’t have anything personal against Ishmael, so why He have something personal against Esau? God didn’t matter. Go make your own stew!”, “No! God was protecting Esau’s possession (Deuteronomy 2:4-8)! This conflict was paralleled by the affection the parents had for their favored child: "Isaac, who had a taste for wild game, loved Esau, but Rebe In this lab, John Piper highlights the similarities and differences between these brothers. Godless liberals. Let me respond by offering a series of observations. Esau, on the other hand, did not seem to have his heart in the right place as far as God was concerned as far as we can see. Keep what you have for yourself. Still, both were righteous before God (Genesis 14:18, Job 1:1). The biggest error that Esau could have made was the fact that he did not think much of the fullness of the birthright. saith the Lord: yet I loved Jacob, And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness“ (Malachi 1:2-3, KJV). God’s point is that when God declared Jacob and his descendants to be the recipients of the Abrahamic Covenant, God chose to love the nation Israel. Why not throw another figure of speech? Conclusion: God is in control of our world and our lives. And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob. When after the Exodus Israel roamed the wilderness with Moses, God instructed the nation of Israel not to meddle with Edom, who are Esau’s descendant (see Genesis 25:30, 36:1, and 36:8-19). That phrase, as it is written, shows that Paul sees Genesis 25:23 and Malachi 1:2-3 as being in agreement with each other. Part of the answer lies in the fact that we are told that “loved” and “hated” may be a bit stronger than the precise sense of the Hebrew. I hope you will take a look at my next article, ROMANS 9:14-16 AND UNCONDITIONAL ELECTION. All well and good, but the question still remains. This apparently wasn’t some boyhood transaction between two kids, in which the ten-year-old persuades the naïve six-year-old to give him his pocket money in exchange for use of the blue crayon. And yet the Bible unequivocally singles out Jacob for God’s blessing and Esau for Scriptural censure. God can’t work with that, because that sort of mindset will trade away anything that God invests in return for a handful of Satan’s fake “magic beans”. This latter point is actually more pertinent to Paul’s argument in Romans 9, since in that passage Paul is actually arguing that God has not broken His promises to Israel by requiring Jews (and gentiles) to believe in Jesus Christ for salvation. What did poor old Esau do to deserve that? Esau sold his position of inheritance for self-indulgence...twice!! Instead, Romans 9 teaches that God unconditionally elected Jacob to be the recipient of the Abrahamic Covenant: that Jacob would be blessed, that his seed would be blessed, and that the world would be blessed through his seed. Did Esau go to Hell? I expected that at some point, because we are dealing with an omnipotent being, God was going to reverse the blessings, but that doesn’t happen. The situation becomes even more troubling. God responds, “Was not Esau Jacob's brother? Esav shows up and is distraught that his brother got the good blessing already. Whatever. Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated". Beginning on verse 10 of Romans 9, Paul now demonstrates that the Abrahamic Covenant is not even for all of Abraham’s descendants through Isaac, but only for those through Isaac’s son Jacob, not Esau. So many interpretations and comments pro Jacob, anti Esau lead me to be believe that within your perspective people of the earth, hunters, tend to be evil. After all, in the first three verses of Malachi there is an instance of personification (Israel speaks as one person) and there are two instances of synecdoche (Jacob represents the nation of Israel, and Esau represents the nation of Edom). Why? Something to fill his stomach for a few hours. 2017. This, then, is what’s wrong with Esau. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. In other words, Paul is using Genesis 25:23 to interpret Malachi 1:2-3, and Malachi 1:2-3 to complement Genesis 25:23. ( Log Out /  This birthright that was the bargaining chip of the brothers consisted of the following: But we do know that Isaac did not repent of giving the blessing to Jacob, even though Esau sought him with tears to repent. In verses 3 to 5 of Malachi 1, God describes His hatred not for Esau, but for the nation of Edom. Esau REJECTED God and had his OWN values. He just didn’t care right then. Inherently, he was no better than Esau, but his outlook on life—his perspective or worldview—was decidedly different. As Abraham’s grandchildren, thousands of sheep, goats, camels and donkeys. The plot thickens. “See to it that no-one is sexually immoral, or is godless like Esau, who for a single meal sold his inheritance rights as the eldest son…”. ( Log Out /  33 And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob. In “Is Jacob’s Election a Sample of Unconditional Election”, I discussed that given the context of Romans 9 and the promises of the Abrahamic Covenant, Romans 9 does not teach that God elected Jacob to be “saved” (made righteous). Godless communists. When Esau saw that his parents weren’t pleased, he didn’t come to them and repent, asking what he could do to make things right. Perhaps more aware than we that moral judgment of that sort is reserved for God alone, the narrative books are frequently quiet on the morality of an event, simply recording it as having happened. After reading “Is Jacob’s Election a Sample of Unconditional Election”, the reader may still have questions about God’s stated hatred for Esau: Why did God hate Esau? All he cared about was that he was hungry right then. 1 decade ago. Old enough that Esau was out hunting all day without supervision, while Jacob was back home cooking borscht. This is relevant because in Romans 9 Paul is really talking about the people of Israel, not just two individuals. He’s the manly man, out in the open country, a hunter, and later a leader of men, where Jacob seems like a mama’s boy, at home in the woman’s world of the tented encampment. So, considering the context, God loving Jacob and hating Esau has nothing to do with the human emotions of love and hate. Where Esau seems gloriously wild, Jacob is… domesticated. But do not make that an excuse for robbing and cheating Esau, because he is not as thoughtful as you are. He’s the manly man, out in the open country, a hunter, and later a leader of men, where Jacob seems like a mama’s boy, at home in the woman’s world of the tented encampment. When Esau learns of his brother's thievery, he is livid and begs his father to undo the blessing. Esau was the victim of his brother's deception at least twice in his life. Furthermore, Esau always seems so much more honest than the shifty, cunning Jacob. The answer is that God did not actually hate baby Esau. God declares that He has turned the land of Esau (of Edom) into a wasteland for dragons, that He will destroy whatever the people of Edom try to rebuild, and that God has an indignation forever against the people of Edom for their wickedness. Dec. 25. Therefore, in this article, we will try to make sense of God’s hatred for Esau. No, for a start Jacob and Esau were twins, and Esau was the elder. Jacob shows no attachment to Esau or vice versa. On the one hand, Jacob is obviously the hero. 1 0. Jacob does not respect Isaac, the Lord, or even his mother. Why did you not include what is written in Obadiah chapter 1 or in 2 Esdras in the Apocrypha? Malachi that he did it, no question about it nevertheless, hundreds of years after Esau the! Is furious and vows to kill Jacob ( Genesis 33:9 ; Genesis chapter 36 ) up, Esau an. 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